Second World War (1939-1945

Second World War (1939-1945)

With the surrender of the German-Italian associations, which had retreated to a last bridgehead around Tunis, the African campaign of the Axis powers had completely failed on 13 May 1943. (luk)

On 5 June 1947, the US Secretary of State, George Marshall, gave a speech at Harvard University in Cambridge in which he offered economic and financial aid to all European countries on the condition of closer European cooperation: the Marshal Plan or European Recovery Program (ERP) was born. The 12.4 billion dollar program for war-disabled Europe was adopted by the United States Congress on April 3, 1948. Sixteen states accept the Marshall Plan and sign the Convention establishing the Organisation for European Economic Cooperation (OEEC) in Paris on 16 April 1948. (luk)

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